The advantages and disadvantages of electricity as a source of energy for your home
How is electricity produced in France?
We are far from suspecting that behind this banal act of turning on a switch is in fact hiding a complex and diverse production, delivery and distribution chain. In the 1960s, the French government made the choice to "get out of coal" by focusing its electricity production system on nuclear power. In total, the nuclear fleet in France today has 58 reactors located in 19 nuclear power plants which contribute to the production of nearly 72% of our electricity. Within the framework of the law on energy transition for green growth, France continues to diversify its production methods by developing the share of renewable energies.. In 2016, hydroelectricity represented 12% of French electricity production, while wind power stood at 3.9%, solar at 1.6% and bioenergy at 1.6% *.
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What are the main advantages of electricity?
Electricity goes green (1)!
Today, the exploitation of renewable energy sources is a real priority because it makes it possible, among other things, to limit the greenhouse gases that other fossil fuels, such as coal or oil, help to generate. However, it is these famous gases which are partly responsible for global warming. It is therefore to reduce the share of these “polluting” energies that France has undertaken to increase the share of green energies in our country's electricity production. Energy wind , the water power or solar power offer interesting development prospects in terms of electricity production.
Electricity is flexible and malleable energy
Unlike coal, electricity is relatively easy to transport since it is mainly transported from production plants to places of consumption by a network of high-voltage lines which link the entire territory. For consumers, this energy source remains one of the most accessible on the market, not only because transport costs are lower but also because the investments necessary for its use remain reasonable or, at least, quickly amortized.
Heating with electricity does not necessarily require the use of expensive equipment (convectors, inertia radiators, etc.). In addition, electricity lends itself very well to modulation. Many electrical appliances, moreover, are equipped with adjustable thermostats which allow consumption to be regulated.
What are the main disadvantages of electricity?
Electricity is secondary energy
Unlike fossil fuels which are primary sources, electricity results from the transformation of various sources naturally available in the environment. For example, the fission of uranium is necessary to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant.
Electricity is difficult to store energy
Although our country manages to meet its electricity needs independently, it is however subject to a major problem: the difficulty of storing large quantities of electricity to cope, in particular, with peaks in consumption. There are many solutions to achieve this but they remain technically unsatisfactory or too expensive. French electricity production is therefore ensured continuously and must be adjusted according to the real-time consumption of households, which sometimes leads to shortages or overvoltages on the national network.